Got a question? We've compiled a list of some of the more commonly asked questions related to Air Conditioning Systems.
The size of the air conditioner is dependent not only on the size of the area your trying to condition, but also the amount of glass and the heat load generated by the number of people or equipment occupying the area.
Other factors that also determine the heat load are electrical equipment, the aspect of the room, the type of materials the building has been constructed from, the roof type and if the walls, ceilings and floors have been insulated.
It is important to have the air conditioning system you require sized correctly, so at Total Climate Control we recommend a site visit from one of our friendly design engineers to tailor a cooling and heating solution that works for you.
To put it into simple terms an inverter system uses a variable speed compressor that speeds up to give more heating or cooling when required then slows down when less heating or cooling is required. By using Inverter technology air conditioning systems today are generally 30%-40% more energy efficient as they eliminate start and stop times which in turn reduces energy costs. Along with great energy savings Inverter air conditioners are much quieter than their counterparts.
Please find below a more elaborate explanation of inverter Air Conditioners for the technically minded:
An inverter in an air conditioner is used to control the speed of the compressor motor to allow continuously regulated temperature. Traditional air conditioners regulate temperature by using a compressor that is periodically either working at maximum capacity or switched off entirely. Inverter-equipped air conditioners have a variable-frequency drive that incorporates an adjustable electrical inverter to control the speed of the motor and thus the compressor and cooling output.
A comparison of temperature regulation between a traditional air conditioner and an inverter air conditioner:
The variable-frequency drive uses a rectifier to convert the incoming alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC) and then uses pulse-width modulation in an electrical inverter to produce AC of a desired frequency. The variable freqeuncy AC drives a brushless motor or an induction motor. As the speed of an induction motor is proportional to the frequency of the AC, the compressors runs at different speeds. A microcontroller can then sample the current ambient air temperature and adjust the speed of the compressor appropriately. The additional electronics add to cost of equipment and operation. Conversion from AC to DC, and then back to AC, can cost as much 4 – 6% in energy losses for each conversion step.
Eliminating stop-start cycles increases efficiency, extends the life of components, and helps eliminate sharp fluctuations in the load the air conditioner places on the power supply. Ultimately this makes inverter air conditioners less prone to breakdowns, cheaper to run, and the outdoor compressor is generally quieter than a standard air conditioning unit’s compressor.
While at the beginning of the 1990s inverter air conditioners had some drawbacks, these have been mostly overcome – the conversion losses are lower and filters suppress most of the electromagnetic interference generated in inverters. Running at full load, compressors deliver their best efficiency and outperform inverters. Inverter-based air conditioners have their strengths in environments where a partial load is common, as they are significantly more efficient than conventional air conditioners in those situations. For conventional households where each indoor unit is connected to a single dedicated outdoor unit, inverters are the preferred option, as partial loading is the common mode there.The higher initial expense is balanced by lower energy bills. In a typical setting the pay-back time is about two years (depending upon the usage).For more modern installations where an outdoor unit is connected to multiple indoor units there are better options also available.
A common question I get asked is “How much will this cost to run”. This question has many variables such as what temperature the system is set to, or more commonly known as the set point, hours of use, indoor/outdoor temperature and the cost of electricity itself. Here is the basic formula and below are some examples to be used as a guide only- Kilowatt hours are calculated by taking the input kilowatt of the appliance in question and multiplying it by how many hours it operates, then multiple by the electricity tariff. So, for example a Daikin RXS25KVMA/FTXS25KVMA has a power input on cooling of 0.58kw and for example the unit will operate for 4 hours a day and the cost of electricity is 0.22c per hour (check this with local energy provider).
0.58kw x 4hrs = 2.32 | 2.32 x 0.22 = $0.51 for the 4 hours of use.
Most electricity bills come in quarterly, so using the example above where the unit is used 4 hours every day for 3 months at its rated operating range.
0.58kw x 4hrs x 90days = 208.8 | 208.8 x 0.22 = $45.94 approx over 3 months.
Also take into consideration the power input is at rated but the advantage of the Daikin inverter is that the power input can be much lower as the load decreases.
This however is just a guide as the power input is variable, cost of electricity varies depending time of use and the hours of operation will also vary.
To give another example if you were to use a hair dryer which has an input of 2000w and output is the same, if you operated the hair dryer the same as the A/C unit it would be:
2kw x 4hrs x 90days = 720 | 720 x 0.22 = $158.40 approx over 3 months (obviously a hair dryer would not operate as much as an air conditioner but it puts the running costs into perspective).
Star Ratings are a simple method for identifying the energy efficiency of a given air conditioning unit. The more stars the more efficient the air conditioning system is.
Star Ratings were introduced to air conditioners some years ago now to help consumers easily identify the energy rating. Star ratings are compulsory and are given for all air conditioning systems sold in Australia.
COP stands for Coefficient Of Performance and EER stands for Energy Efficiency Rating. Both of these numbers indicate how energy efficient the air conditioner is. COP refers to the efficiency of the system in heating mode and EER relates to efficiency in cooling mode.
With both ratings, the higher the number for a given size unit, the higher the energy efficiency. The higher the energy efficiency for a given rating the lower the running costs.
A split system describes any air conditioning system where the outside condensing unit and the indoor fan coil unit are separated. It is commonly used to describe a highwall room air conditioner, where the indoor fancoil unit is mounted on the internal wall of the room and the outdoor condensing unit is mounted outside.
A Multi split system air conditioner in most domestic applications consists of a single outdoor condenser which powers up to 4 indoor wall mounted or floor mounted indoor fan coil units.
These systems are extremely versatile and in some applications the indoor units can be a mixture of wall mounted, floor console, ducted or cassette units to suite any application. The end result is a ductless system ideal for architecturally designed homes with large open living areas, town houses, villas or apartments where ducting is not possible.
The following tips will ensure your air conditioner is both comfortable and economical all year round:
Heating in Winter
Cooling in Summer
A general indication is when the filter light flashes. But depending on the environment or the air purity, in a normal domestic application four times a year is recommended. In a commercial application we recommend the air filter be cleaned once every month.
All air conditioning systems require regular service or maintenance to ensure against untimely or expensive repair costs. Regular service and maintenance has many benefits and prolongs the life expectancy of your system. It will also help maintain the systems efficiency, reliability and heating and cooling performance.
We suggest for domestic applications the systems be serviced twice a year with commercial systems requiring more periodic servicing depending on the application.
Total Climate Control can tailor service and maintenance programs to suit any application.
The Only Split System Air Conditioners
When the National Asthma Council Australia introduced its new Sensitive Choice program to help identify products that are better suited for people who suffer from asthma and allergies, they chose Daikin as the only split system air conditioner authorised to display the Sensitive Choice butterfly symbol.
Daikin Split System air conditioners have advanced air-purifying filters that may help to reduce some of the triggers that affect asthma and allergy sufferers and help to provide a cleaner and healthier indoor environment.
All Daikin Split Systems have been fitted with an air-purifying filter. Most of these split systems are fitted with a more advanced Titanium Apatite Photocatalytic Air-Purifying filter. These filters not only trap microscopic airborne particles, but also decompose odours and adsorb and deactivate bacteria and viruses. There are also mould-proof filters and a mould-proof operation that helps prevent the generation of mould and mould odours inside the unit.
To be sure you get the right advice and the split system that’s right for your home, call us on 02 9907 6155. This ensures professional installation, all backed up by Daikin’s 5-year warranty.
The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is widely regarded as the world’s most successful environment protection agreement. It is the only treaty with universal ratification, with all 197 member countries of the United Nations having accepted legally-binding obligations to phase out the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances. The Protocol sets out a mandatory timetable for the phase out of ozone-depleting substances including almost all imports to Australia of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC), such as R22 by 2016.
As one of the early countries to ratify the Montreal Protocol (1989), Australia continues to be a leader in the phase out of ozone-depleting substances. Australia’s approach has been based on a cooperative partnership between industry, community and all levels of government.
The Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Management Act 1989 is the foundation of Australia’s commitment to meeting its obligations under the Protocol.
Australia continues to take an active role in ongoing Protocol negotiations, ensuring that further actions to protect the ozone layer are scientifically based and technically feasible, and that developing countries are supported in their efforts to phase out ozone depleting substances.
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